Schemes For Welfare Of Women and Children’s In India 2018
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Schemes for the welfare of Women and Children
Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) implements several schemes supporting the welfare of the women and children including SC/ST and the minority of different age groups.
MWCD implements SwadharGreh Scheme which targets the women victims of unfortunate circumstances who are in need of institutional support for rehabilitation so that they could lead their life with dignity. The Scheme envisages providing shelter, food, clothing, and health as well as economic and social security for the women victims of difficult circumstances which include widows, destitute women and aged women. The total women benefitted under SwadharGreh scheme during 2016-17 is 16,530 and during 2017-18 is 17,291.
Ujjawala Scheme is being implemented for Prevention of trafficking and for Rescue, Rehabilitation, Re-integration, and Repatriation of victims of trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation. The number of beneficiaries under the scheme in the year 2017-18 and 2016-17 each is 6,175.
‘Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women (STEP) Scheme’
The Ministry is administering ‘Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women (STEP) Scheme’ to provide skills that give employability to women and to provide competencies and skill that enable women to become self-employed/entrepreneurs. The Scheme is intended to benefit women who are in the age group of 16 years and above across the country.
National Nutrition Mission (NNM)
The government of India has approved for setting up of National Nutrition Mission (NNM) on 30.11.2017, which aims to achieve improvement in nutritional status of Children, pregnant women and lactating mothers and reduce anemia among children and women. It strives to reduce the level of stunting, under-nutrition, anemia and low birth weight babies. It will create synergy, ensure better monitoring, issue alerts for timely action, and encourage States/UTs to perform, guide and supervise the line Ministries and the States/ UTs to achieve the targeted goals.
Scheme for Adolescent Girls
The Government in 16.11.2017 approved continuation of the Scheme for Adolescent Girls for out of school adolescent girls of age 11-14 years for a period of one year i.e. up to 30.11.2018. The scheme aims at providing supplementary nutrition containing 600 calories, 18-20 grams of protein and micronutrients per beneficiary per day for 300 days in a year, motivating out of school girls to go back to formal schooling or skill training under the non-nutrition component of the scheme. The cost norms for nutrition have also been revised from existing rates of Rs.5.00 per beneficiary per day to Rs.9.5 per beneficiary per day. The government has also approved phased expansion and universalization of the Scheme for Adolescent Girls i.e. in additional 303 districts in 2017-18 and the remaining districts in 2018-19 with the simultaneous phasing out of Kishori Shakti Yojana. The scheme has been extended to all the districts of the country w.e.f. 01.04.2018.
Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS)
Further, under the Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS), 1,82,68,917 pregnant women and lactating mothers got benefit during the year 2016-17 and 1,63,10,379 during the year 2017-18 (as on 31.12.2017). Also, the number of Children (6 Months-6 years of age) including girl child who got benefit under ICDS Scheme during the year 2017-18 (as on 31.12.2017) is 6,81,38,809.
One Stop Centre (OSC)
One Stop Centre (OSC) scheme is being implemented by the Ministry to support women affected by violence w.e.f. 1st April, 2015, which aims to facilitate access to an integrated range of services including medical aid, police assistance, legal aid/case management, psychosocial counseling and temporary support services. At present, 170 OSCs are functional in various districts in 32 States. 97,961 cases have been registered as on 07.02.2018.
Universalisation of Women Helpline
The Ministry also implements the scheme of Universalisation of Women Helpline through States/UTs Government since 1st April, 2015 to provide 24-hour emergency and non-emergency response to women affected by violence. Women Helplines are functional in 28 States. As on date, a total of 12,14,763 complaints have been addressed from the Women Helplines.
Anganwadi Services under Umbrella ICDS is universal and a self-selecting scheme. All children below 6 years of age, Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers are eligible for the services including Supplementary Nutrition Programme (SNP) provided under the scheme. The services are provided to those who visit Anganwadi centers and enroll themselves. As on 31 December 2017, 844 lakh beneficiaries have availed the Supplementary Nutrition service at Anganwadi Services (AWCs).
World Health Organization (WHO) prescribed standards for monitoring the growth of children below 5 years, which have been adopted by the Government to measure nutritional status of children, using weight-to-age (underweight) as an indicator under as of Umbrella Integrated Child Development Services Scheme.
The Ministry of Women and Child Development is implementing various schemes/programmes for achieving gender equality and emancipation of women including rural women such as:
BetiBachaoBetiPadhao (BBBP): to address the declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) and related issues of empowerment of women over a life-cycle continuum. It is a tri-ministerial effort of Ministries of Women and Child Development, Health & Family Welfare and Human Resource Development.
Pradhan MantriMatruVandanaYojana (PMMVY), (erstwhile Maternity Benefit Programme) to contribute towards better enabling environment by providing cash incentives for improved health and nutrition to pregnant and nursing mothers.
Scheme for Adolescent Girls aims at girls in the age group 11-14, to empower and improve their social status through nutrition, life skills, home skills and vocational training.
National Nutrition Mission (NNM): aims to attain a “Suposhit Bharat” and has also the objective of improving the nutritional status of pregnant women and lactating mothers and reducing anemia among women along with children.
RastriyaMahilaKosh (RMK), for extending micro-finance services to bring about socio-economic upliftment of poor women,
Mahila e-Haat, a unique direct online digital marketing platform for women entrepreneurs/ SHGs/ NGOs,
Pradhan MantriMahila Shakti Kendra, which will empower rural women through community participation to create an environment in which they realize their full potential,
The Ministry also conducts Training of Trainers of Elected Women Representatives of Panchayati Raj to deliberate upon issues related to empowerment of women and functioning of PRIs; describe processes of participatory planning in local governance; and enable women to identify their own leadership potential to contribute effectively as change agents.
Projects under Nirbhaya Fund
As per information received from National Crime Records Bureau, Ministry of Home Affairs, total number of crimes registered against women during the year 2014, 2015 and 2016 were 3,39,457, 329,243 and 3,38,954 respectively in the country, showing a mixed trend with a decline of 3.0% in 2015 over 2014 and an increase of 2.9 % in 2016 over 2015.
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme aims to address the issue of the decline in Child Sex Ratio (CSR) through a mass campaign across the country targeted at changing the societal mindset and creating awareness about the criticality of the issue, which itself requires long-term attitudinal change. However, the scheme has been received well and in the last three years, several local innovative interventions have been demonstrated by the districts with support from Departments of WCD, Health & Education. There is a strong emphasis on mindset change through training, sensitization, awareness raising and community mobilization on the ground. BBBP scheme has no provision for individual cash incentive/cash transfer component by Government of India and thus is not a DBT (Direct Benefit Transfer) scheme.
During 2016-17, Rs. 43.0 crore was allocated for the BBBP Scheme, but Rs. 32.69 crore could be released. To keep the efficiency of BBBP for the deliverance of its objectives, the funding structure of the Scheme was revised as per guidelines from the Ministry of Finance in August 2016. As such from the Financial Year 2016-17, under BetiBachaoBetiPadhao campaign, the Ministry has started the disbursement of grants-in-aid directly to the District Collectors/ Commissioners of selected districts for implementation of BBBP Campaign in their District.
Schemes For Welfare Of Women And Children
Schemes For Welfare Of Women
ministry of child development and women’s empowerment