Introduction Of Naxals And Naxalism Problems And Solution By Indian Government
Introduction Of Naxals
Introduction Of Naxals—The term Naxal or Naxalism word is derives from the name of the village Naxalbari in West Bengal, from where the movement had its origin.A Naxal or Naxalite is a member of any of the Communist guerrilla groups in India, mostly associated with the Communist Party of India.Their origin can be traced to the split in 1967 of the Communist Party of India (Marxist), leading to the formation of the Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist). Initially the movement had its centre in West Bengal.In later years, it spread into less developed areas of rural southern and eastern India, such as Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh through the activities of underground groups like the Communist Party of India (Maoist).Naxalites are known as far-left radical communists, supportive of any Maoist political sentiment and ideology.About time too as the Maoists plan to attack urban centres like the industrial belts of Bhilai, Ranchi, Dhanbad, Calcutta and Mumbai, Pune, Surat Ahmedabad.<<<Wikipedia>>>
Naxals And Naxalism Problems And Solution By Indian Government
Here are some of the initiatives taken by the individual states:
- The Maharashtra government and the state police is setting up with a special force.
- The Orissa State government will be getting 10000 extra personnel for fighting the Naxals – long term deployment of two battalions of CRPF in Orissa and an additional five India Reserve Battalions.
- The Jharkhand government is setting up a state industrial security force on the lines of the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) to protect industries as the Naxalites (who operate in 18 of the 24 districts in the state) often destroy equipment of business establishments if they are not given extortion money.
- In Tamil Nadu, a 10-day guerilla warfare training programme has begun for 320 cops in the seven districts falling under the Central Zone. The commandos of the elite STF will provide specialised training such as
- States of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal will share information and coordinate with one another in adjoining border areas (to stop the Naxals from escaping across the borders after launching attacks).
(1) sophisticated arms training
(2) combing operations in reserve forests
(3) setting up of temporary tents and bunkers to the 320 cops.
- The Kerala govt is now surveying labourers from other states as the Maoists are using the state as a hide-out.
While the Centre has ruled out deployment of the Army as the forces’ hands are already full, the government has the following plans:
- The central government will be investing Rs 500-crore to fight the Naxals. This money will be used to provide
- (1) critical mobility to the police
- (2) secure camping grounds and helipads at strategic locations,
- (3) build basic roads for the forces so they have mobility in otherwise inaccessible areas.
- India’s Interior Ministry has set up an anti-rebel cell to ensure periodic review and close monitoring of rebel activities.
Naxals And Naxalism Problems And Solution
In conclusion I want to say that the government has proposed a three-pronged strategy to combat Naxalism:
- Gain confidence of local people by taking up more welfare related activities.
- Build up infrastructure in naxal-affected areas and generate employment.
- Launch joint security operations with neighbouring states to eliminate left wing extremists.
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