Current Affairs General Knowledge of September 2016 For Banking And SSC Exam

Current Affairs General Knowledge of September 2016 For Banking And SSC Exam

Current Affairs General Knowledge of September 2016 For Banking And SSC Exam-We are back with Current Affairs And General Knowledge for your upcoming exams hope it will help .Time Time We shared Current Affairs and General Knowledge for SSC Exams and banking exams

Patna High Court quashes Bihar Prohibition of Liquor Act

 

Patna High Court on 30 September 2016 quashed Bihar government notification completely banning liquor in the state. The court said that the notification is ultra vires to the Constitution. A division bench of the court comprising Chief Justice Iqbal Ahmed Ansari and Justice Navaniti Prasad Singh quashed the 5 April 2016 notification of the state government to stop consumption and sale of alcohol in the state. The court in its verdict said that the notification is ultra vires to the Constitution, hence not enforceable. The same bench had on 20 May 2016 reserved its order on a batch of writ petitions filed by Liquor Trade Association and many individuals challenging the liquor law which has stringent penal provisions. Ultra vires means beyond one’s legal power or authority. If an act requires legal authority and it is done with such authority, it is characterised in law as intra vires. The Nitish Kumar-led Grand Secular Alliance government had first banned the manufacture, trade, sale, consumption of country-made liquor since 1 April 2016, but later imposed a blanket ban on all types of liquor including foreign liquor in the state. In August 2016, the liquor law was made more stringent after the Assembly passed the Bihar Excise and Prohibition Bill with voice vote. Under this law, all adult members of the family could be arrested if liquor was found stored in any household. It also called for collective fines on villages and localities which are found repeatedly breaking prohibition law.

 

West Bengal government decides to install Monorail

 

Earlier in 2009, the left government led by Buddhadeb Bhattacharya signed a similar MoU with a private firm for monorail project, which never fructified.

 

Tirupati Airport awarded Best Tourist Friendly Airport

 

The State Annual Tourism Excellence Awards under various segments of Travel and Tourism Industry are awarded by Department of Tourism, Government of Andhra Pradesh.

 

Shakti Sinha appointed as Director of Nehru Memorial Museum and Library

 

The appointment of Shakti Sinha as Director of Nehru Memorial Museum and Library has put to rest the controversy sparked by the inclusion of his name to the post.

 

Myntra appoints Dipanjan Basu as Chief Financial Officer

 

Previously, Dipanjan Basu served as the Chief Finance & Operating Officer for Wipro’s Digital & Consulting Business where he was responsible in building and setting up new businesses, M&A and investments in startups.

 

Telugu writer Prof Kalakaluri Enoch conferred 29th Moortidevi Award

 

He was awarded for his novel Ananta Jeevanam that is thought-provoking and contemplative as it depicts the struggle of the weak, the downtrodden and the common man of Rayalaseema.

 

R Subramania Kumar appointed Executive Director of Indian Overseas Bank

 

The Union Government appointed R Subramania Kumar, Executive Director, Indian Bank as Executive Director, Indian Overseas Bank with effect from his taking over the charge of the Indian Overseas Bank and up to 21 January 2019 or until further orders, whichever is earlier.

 

Infosys launches e-commerce platform Skava Commerce

 

The platform can help brick-and-mortar retailers to quickly launch new offerings, improve conversion rates of traffic coming from digital channels without making large investments upfront.

 

Union Cabinet approves ratification of Paris Agreement

 

The Union Cabinet on 28 September 2016 approved the ratification of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change on 2 October 2016. Paris Agreement gives thrust to the global actions to address climate change and pertains to post-2020 climate actions.

 

Significance of India’s Ratification of the Paris Agreement

 

  • India’s decision to ratify the agreement will take the number of cumulative level of emission of countries to 51.89 percent.

 

  • With its decision to ratify the Agreement, India will be one of the key countries that will be instrumental in bringing the Paris Agreement into force.

 

  • It will underline India’s responsive leadership in the community of nations committed to global cause of environmental protection and climate justice.

 

About the Paris Agreement

 

  • The Paris Agreement was adopted by 185 nations on 12 December 2015 and India signed the Paris Agreement in New York on 22 April 2016.

 

  • A total of 191 countries have signed to the Paris Agreement so far.

 

  • As per the provisions of the Paris Agreement, the treaty will come into force as and when 55 countries contributing to 55 percent of total global emission ratify the agreement.

 

  • So far, 61 countries have deposited their instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval accounting in total for 47.79 percent of the total global greenhouse gas emissions.

WHO declares Region of the Americas as Measles free

 

With this, the Americas became the first in the world to have eliminated measles, a viral disease that can cause severe health problems, including pneumonia, blindness, brain swelling and even death.

 

Indian Army conducts surgical strikes across Line of Control

 

Indian Army conducted surgical strikes on terror launch pads across the Line of Control. Director General of Military Operations Lieutenant General Ranbir Singh said the motive of the operation was to hit out at the terrorists who were planning to infiltrate into the Indian Territory. Lt General Singh informed that significant casualty was caused to terrorists during the operation. He said that it is a matter of serious concern that there have been many infiltration bids by terrorists at LoC and it was reflected in the terror attacks in Poonch and Uri on 11 September and 18 September 2016. As per DGMO nothing was done despite India’s persistent request to Pakistan not to allow territory under its control to be used for terror activities. He said Pakistan gave a commitment to India in 2004 that it will not allow its soil to be used for anti India terror activities. Besides, he also informed that almost 20 infiltration attempts have been successfully foiled by Indian Army in 2016. India has also offered consular access to apprehended terrorists from Pakistan and finger prints and DNA samples of the terrorists killed in Uri and Poonch attacks can also be made available to the neighbouring country. Lieutenant General Singh said, he spoke to his Pakistani counterpart to share India’s concerns and told him about the surgical strikes. He said, India cannot allow terrorists to operate across the LoC. What is Surgical Strike ?

 

A surgical strike is a military attack which results in only damage to the intended legitimate military target, and no or minimal collateral damage to surrounding structures, vehicles, buildings, or the general public infrastructure and utilities. A swift and targeted attack with the aim of minimum collateral damage to the nearby areas and civilians is a surgical strike. Surgical strikes that require not just detailed and exhaustive planning but also needs precision in execution are undertaken by forces across the world.

 

India’s surgical operation across LoC in Pakistan

 

Indian Army performed a four hour surgical strike across the Line of Control (LoC) in Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir (PoK). As per army, the strike was conducted to prevent terrorists who were prepping to infiltrate and attack the Kashmir region and metros. The strike which resulted in heavy casualties on terrorists also indicated a change of stand on the rules of engagement on the disputed LoC. As per reports, first-of-its-kind strike across the Pakistani border was based on specific intelligence reports.

 

Details of the Surgical Strike

 

As per reports, the operation in which paratroopers from Special Forces were involved began on 28 September 2016 around 12.30 am. The commandos were airdropped at the LoC from where they crossed over the Pakistani side. They entered about three kilometers to conduct the surgical strikes in Bhimber, Hotspring, Kel & Lipa sectors, on Pakistans side of LoC. As per reports, seven terror launch pads were destroyed in which about 38 terrorists and 2 Pakistani soldiers were killed. The best part of the operation was that no Indian casualties were reported.

 

Indian women’s Kabaddi team wins gold in Asian Beach Games

 

In the summit clash played at Bien Dong Park in Danang, Vietnam, the Indian team defeated Thailand 41-31. This was fifth gold in succession for the Indian team.

Union Government approves1269 crore rupees for drought affected Maharashtra

 

Out of the total amount, around 589 crore rupees will be supplementary assistance for damage to Kharif crops and over 679 crore rupees for Rabi crops.

 

World’s first baby born from new procedure using DNA of three people

 

The world’s first baby was born from a new procedure that combines the DNA of three people. The baby was born in Mexico. The baby was born on 6 April 2016 after his Jordanian parents travelled to Mexico where they were cared for by US fertility specialists. The baby was born using the new and controversial technology, called mitochondrial donation, which incorporates DNA from three persons. The five-month-old boy has the usual DNA from his parents, and a small amount of genetic code from a donor.

Current Affairs And General Knowledge of September 2016 For Banking And SSC Exam

How the treatment was done ?

  • The baby’s mother carried genes for the fatal Leigh Syndrome, which harms the developing nervous system.

 

  • The faults affect the DNA in mitochondria, the tiny battery-like structures that provide cells with energy, and are passed down from mother to child.

 

  • A team of doctors, led by John Zhang, decided to attempt the controversial procedure of mitochondrial transfer in the hope that it would give the couple a healthy child.

 

  • The doctors took the nucleus from one of the woman’s eggs and inserted it into a healthy donor’s egg that had had its own nucleus removed. Then, the egg was fertilised with the husband’s sperm.

 

  • The team created five embryos but only one developed normally. This was implanted into the mother and the baby was born nine months later.

 

What is Mitochondrial Donation ?

 

  • Mitochondrial donation is a special form of in vitro fertilization in which the future baby’s mitochondrial DNA comes from a third party.

 

  • The two most common techniques in mitochondrial donation are pronuclear transfer andmaternal spindle transfer.

 

  • Due to the uncharted nature of producing a child with 3 sources of DNA, this subject is currently quite contentious in the field of bioethics, as is the case with many other gene therapies.

 

  • The treatment was legalised in the UK in 2015 but so far no other country has introduced laws to permit the technique.

 

  • In February 2016, a report was issued by the U.S. Food and Drug administration declaring that further research into mitochondrial donation is ethically permissible.

 

CCEA approves implementation of Project SAKSHAM

 

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) on 28 September 2016 approved ‘Project SAKSHAM’. It is a New Indirect Tax Network (Systems Integration) of the Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC). It will help in integrating system of Central Board of Excise and Customs with the GST network before the roll out in April 2017.

 

The total project cost involved is 2256 crore rupees which will be incurred over a period of seven years. The project SAKSHAM will help in

 

  • Implementation of Goods and Services Tax (GST)
  • Extension of the Indian Customs Single Window Interface for Facilitating Trade (SWIFT)

 

  • Other taxpayer-friendly initiatives under Digital India and Ease of Doing Business of Central Board of Excise and Customs

 

The implementation strategy for the project will be to ensure readiness of CBEC’s IT systems by 1 April 2017, when GST is to be introduced. The upgrade of the IT systems will be carried out while keeping the existing Tax-payer services running. As predicted, all taxpayers/importers/exporters/dealers under various indirect tax laws administered by CBEC, presently about 36 lakhs, are likely to go up to over 65 lakhs after introduction of GST. CBEC’s IT systems need to integrate with the Goods & Services Tax Network (GSTN) for processing of registration, payment and returns data sent by GSTN systems to CBEC, as well as act as a front-end for other modules like Audit, Appeal, Investigation. There is no overlap in the GST-related systems of CBEC and GSTN. This IT infrastructure is also urgently required for continuation of CBEC’s e-Services in Customs, Central Excise & Service Tax, implementation of tax¬payer services such as scanned document upload facility, extension of Indian Customs Single Window Interface for Facilitating Trade (SWIFT) initiative and integration with Government initiatives such as E-Nivesh, E-Taal, e-Sign.

Background

 

Introduction of GST will result in a several-fold increase in the number of taxpayers and resultant document load on the system. CBEC’s current IT system was set up in 2008. It cannot cater to the increased load under GST without an immediate upgrade of its IT Infrastructure. Further, CBEC has implemented the Indian Customs Single Window Interface for Facilitating Trade (SWIFT) and is integrating other partner agencies involved in Customs clearance in order to make the process simple and fast. The Customs EDI system which is currently operational at about 140 locations in India has to be extended to many more locations with improved response time and better service delivery. Taxpayers have to be given a facility for Upload of Digitally Signed Scanned Documents in order to reduce the physical interface with tax authorities and to increase the speed of clearance. CBEC also aims to introduce mobile services for taxpayers and departmental users to increase the outreach of its services.

 

Four SAARC member countries including India decided to boycott the Summit in Islamabad

 

Four SAARC member countries, namely India, Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Bhutan, decided to boycott the 19th SAARC Summit to be hosted by Pakistan. The summit is scheduled to be held in Islamabad from 9 to 10 November 2016. India was the first nation to boycott the summit. It conveyed to current SAARC Chair Nepal that increased cross-border terrorist attacks in the region and growing interference in internal affairs of member states by one country created environment which is not conducive to successful holding of Summit. Later, India was joined by Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Bhutan who pulled out of the summit by citing the problem of terrorism in the region. As per rules, the summit is postponed if any head of state or government decided not to participate in the summit. But a formal announcement can be made only by Nepal after internal consultation. Nepal is the current chair of SAARC.

 

India’s stand on the boycott

 

The External Affairs Ministry Spokesperson Vikas Swarup said that India’s commitment to SAARC’s regional connectivity, contact and prosperity remains intact but it cannot conceive of summit happening amidst cross border terrorism and cross interference in internal affairs of the member countries. Participation of the Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Bhutan conveys the message that Pakistan should introspect in it that what kind of relationship it wants with SAARC countries.

 

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)

 

The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union in South Asia. Its member states include Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, the Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. It comprises 3% of the world’s area, 21% of the world’s population and 9.12% of the global economy as of 2015.

 

Union Cabinet approves closure of Hindustan Cables Limited

 

Total cash infusion for closure of company will be 1309.90 crore rupees and non-cash infusion of 3467.15 crore rupees in the form of conversion into equity of Government of India’s loan (including interest) outstanding as on 30 September 2016.

 

ISRO signs MoU with Telangana to provide digital classes

 

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and Telangana government on 28 September 2016 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to provide digital classes across the state through its state channel Mana TV. As per the MoU, the ISRO’s Development & Educational Communication Unit (DECU) will work with the state government to

 

disseminate educational content using satellite technology. IT Minister KT Rama Rao said that this arrangement would help the channel start coaching classes from 1 October 2016. The channel will telecast a four-hour programme daily. Besides, about 6000 schools of the state will launch digital classes from 14 October 2016. The digital classes will provide a platform for lakhs of students and job aspirants to get quality education. Earlier in August 2016, the states

 

Irrigation Department signed MoU with ISRO’s National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) to use space technology for real-time monitoring of all water resources in the state.

 

Mana TV

 

Mana TV was an initiative started by the undivided Andhra Pradesh to provide programmes on distance education, telemedicine and agriculture extension under different channels. The state in 2006, entered into a similar agreement with ISRO.

NASA spots possible Water Plumes Erupting on Jupiter’s Moon Europa

 

Using ultraviolet images taken by Hubble, a space telescope that was launched in 1990, the potential plumes were seen around the southern edge of Europa and appear as dark fingers or patches of possible absorption.

 

Shimon Peres, former Prime Minister of Israel, dies

 

In 1994, Shimon Peres won Nobel Peace Prize together with Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat for the peace talks that he participated in as Israeli Foreign Minister, producing the Oslo Accords.

 

Union Government approves name change of Gurgaon to Gurugram

 

Also known as the Millennium City, Gurgaon is recognized both nationally and globally as an industrial, information technology, software and corporate hub.

 

Uttam Singh to be honoured with Lata Mangeshkar Award for Lifetime Achievement

 

The Lata Mangeshkar Award issued by the Maharashtra Government started from 1992. This is also officially known as Lata Mangeshkar Award for Lifetime Achievement. Krishna Kalle was the winner of the 2014 Lata Mangeshkar Award for Lifetime Achievement.

 

US appoints Jeffrey DeLaurentis as first Cuban Ambassador in 55 years

DeLaurentis had been working at the new US embassy in Havana, which opened since 2014.

 

Indira Gandhi International Airport becomes first in Asia-Pacific region to achieve carbon neutral status

 

The Airport Carbon Accreditation has upgraded Delhi Airport to ‘Level 3+, Neutrality’, which is the highest level of achievement available to airports across the world.

 

Official Emblem launched for FIFA U-17 World Cup India 2017

 

Shaped like the FIFA U-17 World Cup trophy, the emblem combines the global look of the beautiful game with a quintessentially Indian feel.

 

World Bank reappoints Jim Yong Kim for second term as President

 

The Board noted that in the first year of Kim’s leadership, which began in July 2012, shareholders endorsed two ambitious new goals for the institution. They were: Elimination of extreme poverty by 2030, and Promotion of shared prosperity.

 

Sathiyan Gnanasekaran wins Belgium Open title of Table Tennis

 

With this, Gnanasekaran became the second Indian table tennis player to win an ITTF event. Achanta Sharath Kamal is the first Indian to win an ITTF event in 2012.

 

Agriculture Minister lays foundation stone of Gokul Gram at Mathura

 

Gokul Gram will work as a centre for development of native breed cattle and it will work to supplement resources of cattle of farmers in breeding areas

 

Google launches instant messaging mobile app Allo

 

The messaging app, which is available for Android and the iPhone, has similar features to most other messaging applications. It supports Google Assistant, a conversational virtual assistant.

 

World’s largest solar power plant opens in Kamuthi, Tamil Nadu

 

Adani Green Energy (Tamil Nadu) Ltd on 21 September 2016 dedicated the world’s largest solar power plant of 648 megawatts to the nation. The plant has been set up with an investment of around 4550 crore rupees at Kamuthi in Ramanathapuram district of Tamil Nadu.

 

About Kamuthi Solar Power Project

  • Kamuthi Solar Power Project is a solar photovoltaic power generating station at Kamuthi.
  • This project has been commissioned by Adani Power.
  • It has a generating capacity of 648 MW at a single location.
  • It is considered the world’s largest single location solar project.

 

  • The solar plant comprises of 380000 foundations, 2500000 solar modules, 27000 metric tonnes of structures, 154 transformers and 6000 km of cables.

 

  • It consists of 576 inverters and 154 transformer and almost 7500 km of cables.
  • The panels occupy 1270 acres of land. 30000 tonnes of galvanised steel were used.
  • About 8500 personnel worked on average installing about 11 MW in a day to set up the plant in stipulated time.
  • The entire 648 MW is now connected to the Kamuthi 400 KV substation of Tantransco.

 

Navtej Sarna appointed Indian Ambassador to the US

 

On the other hand, Government of Indian has also appointed 1988-batch IFS officer Taranjit Singh Sandhu as the next High Commissioner of India to Sri Lanka. He will replace Yash Sinha

 

India wins historic 500th Test by 197 runs against New Zealand

 

Earlier, India had lost their 100th and 200th Test match but was on the winning side in 300th, 400th and 500th test matches.

 

China unveils Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Telescope in search for extraterrestrial life

 

China on 25 September 2016 officially launched the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Telescope (FAST) in a mountainous region of Guizhou province. The telescope was launched to hunt for extraterrestrial life and explore space. Key highlights of Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Telescope

 

  • The FAST is a radio telescope located in the Dawodang depression, a natural basin in Pingtang County, Guizhou Province, southwest China.

 

  • It consists of a fixed 500 m dish constructed in a natural depression in the landscape.
  • It is the world’s largest filled aperture (single dish) radio telescope.
  • It is the second largest radio telescope after the Russian RATAN-600.
  • The final cost of the project is 180 million US dollars.
  • Construction on the FAST project began in 2011 and was completed in July 2016.
  • The chief scientist of the project is Nan Rendong.

 

  • It has a fixed primary reflector located in a natural hollow in the landscape, focusing radio waves on a receiver suspended 140 m above it.

 

  • The reflector is made of perforated aluminium panels supported by a mesh of steel cables hanging from the rim.
  • Its surface is made of 4450 triangular panels, 11 m on a side, in the form of a geodesic dome.
  • It is capable of pointing anywhere within ±40° from the zenith.

 

First Russia-Pakistan joint military exercise Druzhba-2016 begins in Cherat

 

The drills are being conducted at the Pakistan Army’s High Altitude School at Rattu in Gilgit-Baltistan and at a special forces training centre at Cherat in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

 

Golf legend Arnold Palmer passes away


Born on 10 September 2016, Arnold Palmer was an American professional golfer. He was a part of The Big Three in golf during the 1960s, along with Jack Nicklaus and Gary Player.

 

Alexander Zverev defeats Stan Wawrinka to win St Petersburg Open Men’s Singles title

 

With this, Alexander Zverev becomes the first man to beat Stan Wawrinka in a tour final since 2013. The loss also ends a 10-match unbeaten run for Wawrinka.

 

ISRO launched 8 satellites in two different Orbits

 

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) on 26 September 2016 successfully launched eight satellites in two different orbits in a single mission. These satellites were launched with the PSLV C35 from the first launch pad of the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikotta. The satellites that was carried into space include the primary payload SCATSAT-1 of India, weighing 371 kg, and seven other customer payloads (five foreign and two domestic) together weighing 304 kg during lift off. The weather satellite SCATSAT-1 will be hurled into a polar sun synchronous orbit of 730 kilometer height.

The other seven satellites that will be injected into a different orbit as compared to the principal payload are

 

  • Three smaller payloads from Algeria: Alsat-1B 103 kg, Alsat-2B 110 kg and Alsat Nano 7 kg. They are meant for earth observation, remote sensing and technology demonstration.

 

  • One from US: Pathfinder-1 of 44 kg. It is a high resolution imaging microsatellite and is owned by BlackSky.

 

  • One from Canada: NLS-19 of 8 kg developed at University of Toronto, Canada. It is a nano-satellite to experiment reduction of space debris.

 

  • The other two satellites are from India and they are

 

  1. Pratham: A student-satellite of the IIT, Bombay. It would estimate the total electron count with a resolution of 1km x 1km location grid.

 

  1. PISAT (पैसेट):It is developed by a consortium-led by the PES University in Bengaluru. It would explore remote

 

sensing applications.

 

The two Universities/Academic Institute Satellites and the five foreign satellites were placed into a 670 km polar orbit. This was the first mission of PSLV in which launched its payloads into two different orbits. SCATSAT-1 of India would serve as a continuity mission for the highly acclaimed Oceansat-2 that has completed its operational life. Its data to accurately predict the landfall of the Cyclone Phailin in Odisha coast recently helped avoid major loss of lives as precautionary measures could be taken in advance. As per reports, this will be made possible by shutting down and restarting the fourth and last stage of the vehicle twice during the flight. The ISRO has gained valuable expertise on restarting the engine of the polar synchronous satellite launch vehicle PSLV in space during June 2016 and December 2015. Through them, the scientists of the space agency gained the expertise to use a single launch mission to inject multiple satellites in different orbits altogether. So far, the PSLV has launched 39 remote-sensing satellites of ISRO including the Chandrayaan-1 of 2008 and the Mars mission of 2013-14. Apart from this, it has also launched 74 foreign commercial and university satellites.

 

Dominic Inglot and Henri Kontinen win St Petersburg Open Men’s Doubles title

 

Dominic Inglot and Henri Kontinen defeated Leander Paes and his German partner Andre Begemann to grab the St Petersburg Open Men’s Doubles title.

 

R Ashwin becomes fastest Indian & second overall to take 200 Test wickets

 

Ashwin reached the milestone in 37 matches, just one behind Aussie Clarrie Grimmett, who holds the record of taking 200 wickets in 36 Tests.

 

Tamil Film Visaranai is India’s official entry for 2017 Oscar

 

At the 63rd National Film Awards, it had won three National awards viz. Best Supporting Actor, Best Feature Film in Tamil and Best Editing.

 

India’s Velavan Senthilkumar wins U-19 Asian Junior Individual squash title in Kuala Lumpur

 

In the final clash played in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Senthilkumar defetaed Jordan’s Mohammad Al-Sarraj 12-14, 9-11, 11-6, 11-8, 11-7.

 

Mission Parivar Vikas to be launched in seven states for improved family planning services

 

The Union Health Ministry has decided to launch Mission Parivar Vikas in 145 High Focus districts in seven states for improved family planning services. The Mission will be implemented in all the 145 districts at one go. Its main objective is to accelerate access to high quality family planning choices based on information, reliable services and supplies within a rights-based framework. These districts having the highest total fertility rates are in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Assam. These states constitute 44 percent of the country’s population.

 

How these districts were identified ?

These 145 districts have been identified based on total fertility rate and service delivery (PPIUCD and Sterilization performance) for immediate, special and accelerated efforts to reach the replacement level fertility goals of 2.1 by 2025.

 

Recent data suggests that these 145 districts have TFR of more than/equal to 3.0 (56% of the 261 districts in the 7 HFS) and are home to 28% of India’s population (about 33 Crores). However, only 22% of India’s protected couples and 40% of India’s couples with unmet need reside in these districts. These districts also have a substantial impact on maternal and child health indicators as about 25-30% of maternal deaths and 50% of infant deaths occur in these districts Moreover, 115 of these districts (79%) have high percentage of adolescent mothers.

 

Key Strategic Focus area

 

The key strategic focus area of this initiative will be on improving access to contraceptives through delivering assured services, dovetailing with new promotional schemes, ensuring commodity security, building capacity (service providers), creating an enabling environment along with close monitoring and implementation.

 

Sania Mirza and Barbora Strycova lifts Toray Pan Pacific Open trophy in Tokyo

 

In the final clash, the Indo-Czech pair of Mirza and Strycova defeated the unseeded Chinese pair of Chen Liang and Zhaoxuan Yang 6-1, 6-1.

 

Asia’s oldest MTB race kicks off in Shimla

 

Nearly 67 participants from 14 countries including 11 men of SSB are taking part in the race which would conclude on 3 October 2016 in Dharmshala, the district headquarter of Kangra.

 

Barack Obama vetoed a bill that would have allowed families of 9/11 victims to sue Saudi Arabia

 

US President Barack Obama on 23 September 2016 vetoed a bill that would have allowed the families of 9/11 victims to sue Saudi Arabia. Earlier, the Justice against Sponsors of Terrorism Act (JASTA) was passed by both the chambers of the Republican controlled Congress. As per President, the JASTA, would have jeopardized the long standing international principles regarding sovereignty and would have made adverse impact with US interests and nationals overseas. In his message accompanying his veto, he said that the bill departs from longstanding standards and practice under US Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act. It also threatens to strip all foreign governments of immunity from judicial process in the country based solely upon allegations by private litigants that a foreign government’s overseas conduct had some role or connection to a group or person that carried out a terrorist attack inside the United States. The US President said the bill would upset longstanding international principles regarding sovereign immunity, putting in place rules that, if applied globally, could have serious implications for the country’s national interests and it can even complicate relations with its closest partners.

 

Delhi government raised Doctors retirement age to 65

 

Health Department had recently sent a proposal to the Lt Governor to seek his approval. The LG has given his approval to the proposal to increase the retirement age of doctors.

 

IAF successfully fired long range air-to-air MICA missile from Mirage-2000 combat aircraft

 

With the success of this mission by ‘Tigers’, the first squadron of the force, IAF has become one of the few air forces in the world with the capability of such beyond visual range air-to-air missile.

 

India, France inked deal for 36 Rafale fighter jets


India and France on 23 September 2016 inked the 7.8-billion Euro deal for 36 Rafale fighter jets. As per the deal, the aircraft will be equipped with latest missiles and weapon system like Meteor and Scalp. The 7.8 billion Euro deal is crucial for the Indian Air Force and is expected to give India the dominant status in the air. The deal was signed in New Delhi by Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar and his French counterpart Jean Yves Le Drian. The features that make the Rafale a strategic weapon is its Beyond Visual Range (BVR) Meteor air-to-air missile with a range in excess of 150 kilometre. During the Kargil war, India had used a BVR having 50 kilometre range. The delivery of this aircraft will start in 36 months and will be completed in 66 months from the date the contract is inked. As per reports, the deal comes with a saving of nearly 750 million Euros than the one struck during the previous UPA government, which was scrapped by the Narendra Modi government.

Afghanistan signs peace deal with militant group Hezb-e-Islami

 

As per the agreement, Hekmatyar will be granted amnesty for his offences and the prisoners of Hezb-e-Islami will be released by the government.

 

NITI Aayog chalks up plan to secure 50 medals in 2024 Olympics

 

NITI Aayog, the think tank of union government, has devised a short –term and medium-to-long term action plan to help India achieve 50 medals in 2024 summer Olympics. In its action plan for revitalising sports in India, Niti Aayog said, India still does not have a conducive environment for sports to polish the talent of Indian sports persons and make them at par with their global counterparts.

 

Details of the Vision

 

  • Short-term vision (4-8 years): it envisages targeting a group of priority sports, organising sports persons into three groups for each priority sport, harnessing the potential of indigenous and regional sports, selecting world-class coaches as well as a grading system for coaches. This term will also focus on a sports injury insurance scheme, strengthening and scaling up of existing SAI training centres, facilitating creation of sports academies for individual sports and more. It also looks forward towards creating a digital database for sports, implementing national sports code and sports Bill and promoting revenue generating methods for team leagues of priority sports.

 

  • Medium to long term vision (8-15 years): It will focus on identifying talent at a young age, having sports curriculum in schools, a dedicated training program for coaches, encouraging development of sports infrastructure through private or PPP mode and developing a health and psychological support division. It will also focus on availability of consistent funding of contracts as well as promoting a culture of sports in the country. In terms of funding, the Aayog said that to do away the process of erratic funding it has recommended that after each Olympics, a fixed 4-year contract is signed between SAI (Sports Authority of India) and sportspersons from Group A sportspersons, keeping in mind the funding required by them up to the next Olympics and other international events in between. For Group B and C also, the budgets for the next 4 years should be fixed, with consistent funding allocation for each year. Funding data for all the groups should be publicly made available as soon as it gets finalised.

 

Sanjay Dutta, Ritesh Sarothiya selected for Bavin Wildlife Law Enforcement Awards

 

Cathy Liss, the president of Animal Welfare Institute (AWI) in Washington, D.C., US said that range officer Sanjay Dutta and Assistant Conservator Ritesh Sarothiya have been selected as winners of the Bavin Awards.

 

L&T bags 100 million dollar order from Vietnam Border Guard

 

The contract also provides that L&T will transfer design and technology along with supply of equipment and material kits for construction of follow-on vessels at a Vietnam shipyard.

 

Delhi Government to have state-level bravery awards

 

As per the proposal, 10 awards will be given and will carry a cash award of 2 lakh rupees each. The winners will be selected as per the nominations by the public.

 

IOCL, GAIL sign MoU for taking equity stake in Dhamra LNG terminal

 

Indian Oil and GAIL will acquire 39 percent and 11 percent equity respectively in DLTPL, with the balance 50 percent stake being held by Adani group.

 

Junaid Ahmad appointed as World Bank Country Director for India

Hailing from Bangladesh, Ahmad was previously the Chief of Staff to World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim.

 

Adi Godrej conferred Clinton Global Citizen Award

 

The award was presented by Hikmet Ersek, CEO and President of Western Union, in the presence of former US President Bill Clinton.

 

ADB approves 631 million US dollars loan for Visakhapatnam-Chennai Industrial Corridor

 

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) on 20 September 2016 approved 631 million US dollars loan for construction of industrial corridor between Visakhapatnam and Chennai, part of India’s first coastal industrial corridor running from West Bengal to Tuticorin in Tamil Nadu. The fund will help develop the first key 800-km section of the planned 2500-km East Coast Economic Corridor which is expected to spur development on India’s eastern coast and enable seamless trade links with other parts of South and Southeast Asia.

Highlights of the Visakhapatnam-Chennai Industrial Corridor Project

 

  • The total cost of the project is 846 million US dollars and work on it is expected to be over by 2031.
  • The remaining 215 million US dollars will be funded by the Andhra Pradesh government.

 

  • Loans and grants from ADB comprise a 500 million US dollars two-tranche facility to build key infrastructure and a 125 million US dollars two-tranche loan to help in business promotion.

 

  • The loan is for a period of 25 years at interest rate of 0.5 percent plus libor.

 

  • The loan will help the government build state-of-the-art industrial clusters, roads, efficient transport, and reliable water and power supplies with a skilled workforce and good business policies.

 

  • The new infrastructure will be built in the four main centres- Visakhapatnam, Kakinada, Amaravati and Yerpedu-Srikalahasti along the corridor.

 

  • It will include 138 km of state highways and roads, water treatment plants, 488 km of drinking water pipeline, 47 km of storm drains, 10 power substations and 281 km of power transmission lines.

 

Girish Chandra Gupta sworn in as Chief Justice of Calcutta High Court

 

It is after 30 years that a sitting judge of the Calcutta High Court has been made its Chief Justice. On 1 November 1986, Justice Chittatosh Mookerje was elevated as the Chief Justice of the Calcutta High Court.

 

BPCL lifts title of Obaidullah Khan Heritage Cup Hockey Tournament

Air India got the third place in the Tournament. It defeated ONGC in a match played to decide third place.

 

Union Cabinet approves submarine optical fibre cable connectivity with Andaman & Nicobar Islands

 

The project to be completed by December 2018 will connect the mainland Chennai with Port Blair & five other islands viz. Little Andaman, Car Nicobar, Havelock, Kamorta and Great Nicobar.

 

MS Dhoni named captain of India’s all time Test XI by Wisden

 

Wisden is one of the most reputed cricket magazines in the world, announced the team to mark India’s 500th Test match starting on 22 September 2016 against New Zealand at the Green Park Stadium in Kanpur

 

Union Cabinet approves merging of Rail budget with Union Budget

 

The Union Cabinet on 21 September 2016 approved merger of Rail budget with Union Budget. It also decided to advance the date of presentation of the annual budget from the last day of February to start of February. In addition, it also decided to merge the Plan and the Non-Plan classification in the Budget and Accounts. All these changes will be put into effect simultaneously from the Budget 2017-18.

 

Merger of Railway Budget with the General Budget

 

The arrangements for merger of Railway budget with the General budget have been approved by the Cabinet with the following administrative and financial arrangements-

 

  • The Railways will continue to maintain its distinct entity -as a departmentally run commercial undertaking as at present

 

  • Railways will retain their functional autonomy and delegation of financial powers etc. as per the existing guidelines

 

  • The existing financial arrangements will continue wherein Railways will meet all their revenue expenditure, including ordinary working expenses, pay and allowances and pensions etc. from their revenue receipts;

 

  • The Capital at charge of the Railways estimated at 2.27 lakh crore rupees on which annual dividend is paid by the Railways will be wiped off. Consequently, there will be no dividend liability for Railways from 2017-18 and Ministry of Railways will get Gross Budgetary support. This will also save Railways from the liability of payment of approximately 9700 crore rupees annual dividend to the Government of India.

 

The decision scraps over nine-decade old tradition of having a separate Railway Budget. The presentation of separate Railway budget started in the year 1924, and has continued after independence as a convention rather than under Constitutional provisions.

 

The merger will help in

 

  • The presentation of a unified budget will bring the affairs of the Railways to centre stage and present a holistic picture of the financial position of the Government.

 

  • The merger is also expected to reduce the procedural requirements and instead bring into focus, the aspects of delivery and good governance.

 

  • Consequent to the merger, the appropriations for Railways will form part of the main Appropriation Bill. Advancement of the Budget presentation

 

As per the plan, the advancement of date of the presentation of the budget would be decided after taking into account dates of assembly elections. All proposals on the railways will be included in it. The government will also ensure that there is a separate discussion on the railways each year.

 

Advancement of day of budget presentation is going to help by

  • Advancement of the date of budget presentation would help the government in following ways.

 

  • The advancement of budget presentation by a month and completion of Budget related legislative business before 31 March would pave the way for early completion of Budget cycle and enable Ministries and Departments to ensure better planning and execution of schemes from the beginning of the financial year and utilization of the full working seasons including the first quarter.

 

  • This will also preclude the need for seeking appropriation through ‘Vote on Account’ and enable implementation of the legislative changes in tax; laws for new taxation measures from the beginning of the financial year.

 

Merger of Plan and Non Plan classification in Budget and Accounts :

 

  • The merger of the plan and non plan classification in Budget and Accounts from 2017-18 would help in resolving the following issues

 

  • The Plan/Non-Plan bifurcation of expenditure has led to a fragmented view of resource allocation to various schemes, making it difficult not only to ascertain cost of delivering a service but also to link outlays to outcomes.

 

  • The bias in favour of Plan expenditure by Centre as well as the State Governments has led to a neglect of essential expenditures on maintenance of assets and other establishment related expenditures for providing essential social services.

 

  • The merger of plan and non-plan in the budget is expected to provide appropriate budgetary framework having focus on the revenue, and capital expenditure.

Aung San Suu Kyi honoured as 2016 Humanitarian of the Year by Harvard Foundation

 

Suu Kyi, elected head of Myanmar’s government in April 2016, was placed under house arrest in 1989 for protesting against the country’s dictatorship and served 15 years in detention.

 

National Board for Wildlife approves first phase of Ken-Betwa project

 

It will irrigate the drought-prone Bundelkhand region but will also submerge about 10 percent of the Panna Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh.

 

Monika Kapil Mohta appointed as India’s Ambassador to Sweden

 

She is presently the Additional Secretary in the Ministry of External Affairs and looks after India’s relations with a large part of the Asia-Pacific region.

 

Ola ties-up with Yatra for Cab Booking Interface Integration


Through this integration, users will be able to book a ride directly through Yatra.Com’s app without having the Ola application installed on their devices.

 

Invasive Giant African Land Snails sighted at Goa University

 

Achatina fulica is a species of large land snail that belong in the Achatinidae family. This snail is listed as one of the top 100 invasive species in the world.

 

Cauvery Supervisory Committee directs Karnataka to release 3000 cusecs of water per day for 10 days

The Cauvery Supervisory Committee headed by Shashi Shekhar on 19 September 2016 directed Karnataka to release

3000 cusecs of water per day to Tamil Nadu. As per the committee’s direction, Karnataka will have to release 3000 cusecs water per day from 21 to 30 September 2016 to Tamil Nadu. The other members of the committee are Chief Secretaries of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala and Puducherry and Central Water Commission chairman. It will once again meet in October 2016. It seems that the decision of the committee will go in vain as no consensus was reached between the two states regarding the release of water. Karnataka had opposed the release of water due to ground reality and drinking water problems in the state. Earlier on 5 September 2016, the Supreme Court asked Karnataka and Tamil Nadu to approach the panel and till then asked Karnataka to release 15000 cusecs of water per day for 10 days to Tamil Nadu. Later on 12 September, it revised the limit to 12000 cusecs per day till 20 September 2016.

 

Outcome of the decision

 

The Karnataka government said that it will move Supreme Court to challenge the Cauvery Supervisory Committee’s order asking the state to release 3000 cusecs of water per day for 10 days. It said that the state is not in a position to release Cauvery water due to shortage being faced by them.

 

Indian Railways launches Yatri Mitra Sewa for elderly, differently-abled

 

Indian Railways on 19 September 2016 launched Yatri Mitra Sewa to facilitate access to wheelchairs, battery operated cars and porter services. The service was launched to make rail travel comfortable for elderly, differently-abled and ailing travelers.

 

Highlights of the Yatri Mitra Sewa

  • Yatri Mitra or Passenger Friend service can be an assistant or any other person nominated for the purpose.
  • The service will be available at major railway stations across the country.

 

  • It can be availed at the time of online booking of tickets by calling or messaging 139 or by simply dialling a dedicated mobile phone number to be activated for the purpose.

 

  • Passengers can also access the Mobile app to avail the service in the future. The App will be developed by the Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS).

 

  • Once the service is booked, the IRCTC will ensure the Yatri Mitra receive the passenger at the entrance of the station and help in boarding the train safely.

 

  • The assistant will also be available at the coach when the passenger arrives at the designated railway station. Background

 

The Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) was mandated to implement the service which may provide Yatri Mitra Sewa free of cost by involving some NGO, charitable trust, PSUs under the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) category. But, if the service cannot be provided free of cost due to lack of response, then the IRCTC may arrange this service on reasonable and affordable charges through a service provider or on its own.

 

World leaders adopt New York Declaration at UNGA Summit for Refugees and Migrants

 

The World Leaders on 19 September 2016 adopted the New York Declaration at the opening of the United Nations General Assembly’s (UNGA) first-ever Summit for Refugees and Migrants. The delegations adopted the landmark Declaration containing bold commitments to address current issues and to prepare the world for future challenges, including, to start negotiations leading to the adoption of a global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration in 2018.

 

Highlights of the New York Declaration

 

  • Protect the human rights of all refugees and migrants, regardless of status. This includes the rights of women and girls and promoting their full, equal and meaningful participation in finding solutions.

 

  • Ensure that all refugee and migrant children are receiving education within a few months of arrival.

 

  • Prevent and respond to sexual and gender-based violence.

 

  • Support those countries rescuing, receiving and hosting large numbers of refugees and migrants. • Work towards ending the practice of detaining children for the purposes of determining their migration status.

 

  • Find new homes for all refugees identified by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) as needing resettlement.

 

  • Expand the opportunities for refugees to relocate to other countries through labour mobility or education schemes.

 

  • Strengthen the global governance of migration by bringing the International Organization for Migration (IOM) into the UN system.

 

The adoption of the New York Declaration means that more children can attend school; more workers can securely seek jobs abroad and more people will have real choices about whether to move once the conflicts are resolved. Other Developments

 

  • UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon also launched a new campaign called Together – Respect, Safety and Dignity for All to respond to rising xenophobia and turn fear into hope.

 

  • United Nations and International Organization for Migration (IOM) signed the new agreement by which IOM officially becomes a related organization of the United Nations system.

HAL gets APAQG membership with voting rights

 

With this, India became the seventh nation to join the APAQG under TRHE International Aerospace Quality Group (IAQG). The other nations of APAQG are China, South Korea, Taiwan, Indonesia, Singapore and Japan.

 

Scientists use stem cells to successfully grow human lungs in a dish

 

The researchers used stem cells taken from actual adult human lungs to coat tiny sticky hydrogel beads. The beads eventually grew and self-assembled to envelope the hydrogel beads, which were all placed inside linked wells. The resulting structure produced evenly distributed three-dimensional patterns consistent with actual air sacs like those in human lungs.

 

Russia: Ruling United Russia party wins parliamentary election

 

President Vladimir Putin’s United Russia party on 19 September 2016 won the Russian parliamentary election by securing 343 seats of the total 450 in Duma, the lower house of Parliament. This win, paves the way for Putin to run for a fourth term as President. Central Election Commission said, Communist Party and Liberal Democratic Party with about 14 percent each are in second and third place, while A Just Russian party gained about 6 percent of the votes. No other party has overcome the 5 percent threshold for entry into the parliament by party tickets. Earlier, the elections to the state Duma were held on 18 September 2016 in a split system – 225 members of parliament were elected by party tickets, while the other 225 were elected in one-seat constituencies. More than 111 million people were eligible to vote in the election and no minimal turnout was required. In the last election for the Duma in 2011, United Russia won 49 percent (238 seats) of the vote.

 

BCCI partners Janalakshmi Financial Services for three years

 

The agreement also gives Janalakshmi benefits of prominence in stadium branding and on-ground advertising for 68 matches in three years across the three formats.

 

HRD Minister inaugurates Super Computer PARAM-ISHAN at IIT Guwahati

 

The supercomputer has a power of 250 teraflops and a 300 terabyte capacity and can be used in areas like computational chemistry, computational fluid dynamics, civil engineering structures, etc.

 

Anandi Ramalingam assumed charge as Bharat Electronics Limited’s first woman director

 

Earlier, Ramalingam served as the General Manager heading the Military Communication Strategic Business Unit (SBU) at BEL’s Bangalore Complex.

 

Guided Missile Destroyer Ship Mormugao launched in Mumbai

 

The Guided Missile Destroyer, Mormugao, second ship of Project 15B,was launched on 17 September 2016 at Mazagaon Dock Ship Builders Limited (MDL), Mumbai.

 

This marks a significant milestone in the annals of the Indigenous Warship design and construction programme of India.

 

About Project 15B Ships

 

  • Project 15B ships feature cutting edge advanced technology and are comparable to the best ships of similar class anywhere in the world.

 

  • These ships have been designed indigenously by the Directorate of Naval Design, New Delhi.
  • Each ship spans 163 metres in length and 17.4 metres at beam and displaces 7300 tonnes.
  • These ships will be propelled by four gas turbines to achieve speeds in excess of 30 knots.

 

  • The P15B destroyers incorporate new design concepts for improved survivability, sea keeping, stealth and ship manoeuvrability.

 

  • P 15B ships will be equipped to carry and operate two multiple role helicopters.

 

  • These ships are packed with an array of state of the art weapons and sensors, including vertically launched missile system for long distance engagement of shore, sea-based and air targets.

 

Background

 

Four Guided missile Destroyers of Project 15B (P 15B) are under construction at Mazagaon Dock Shipbuilders Limited, Mumbai. The contract for construction of these four ships was signed on 28 January 2011. Stealth has been a major thrust area in P15B design. Enhanced stealth features have been achieved through shaping of hull and use of radar transparent deck fittings which make these ships difficult to detect. These ships have been designed for a complement of 50 officers and 250 sailors.

Pulitzer-winning US playwright Edward Albee passes away

 

Throughout an up-and-down commercial career over several decades, Albee won three Pulitzer Prizes for best drama. The first in 1967 was for A Delicate Balance.

 

Indian-origin Ravi Reddy appointed as Head of International Society for Blood Transfusion

 

With this, Reddy became the first person from the African continent to head ISBT, a global organisation of medicine professionals working for the safety of blood transfusion worldwide.

 

68th Primetime Emmy Awards announced

 

The Game of Thrones won best drama series at the 2016 Primetime Emmy Awards, while Veep took home the top comedy award. The People v. O.J. Simpson: American Crime Story also earned several awards, while Julia Louis-Dreyfus won her fifth consecutive Emmy in the lead comedy actress category.

 

China and Russia conduct naval exercises Joint Sea-2016 to improve security

 

Compared with previous years, the 2016 drill focused more on confrontational capacity such as surface warships, submarines and land-based defences. Use of an advanced command system made communication between the two navies smoother.

 

Virat Kohli appointed as Brand Ambassador of Punjab National Bank

 

Since its inception in 1895, PNB has been people’s bank serving millions of customers throughout India. Over the years, the Bank has established itself as a major player in Indian banking space.

 

Priyesha Deshmukh wins bronze in World Deaf Shooting Championships

 

Deshmukh won the bronze in the 10m air rifle category. Ukraine’s Svitlana Yatsenko won the gold in the Championships while Serbia’s Gordana Mikovic clinched the silver.

 

Haryana CM Manohar Lal Khattar declares Charkhi Dadri as 22nd district

 

The state CM made the announcement at a public rally in Dadri in Bhiwani district. He also announced that developmental projects worth 112 crore rupees had already been completed in the Dadri assembly segment during the two year tenure of his government.

 

Indian shooters clinched three gold medals at ISSF Junior World Cup


Subhankar Pramanick bagged India’s first gold in 50-metre rifle prone event. The second gold was bagged by Sambhaji Patil.

 

Alka Sirohi appointed UPSC chairman

 

Sirohi’s appointment will be effective from 21 September 2016. She was sworn in as Member of UPSC in January 2012, after a long and successful career in the Indian Administrative Service (IAS).

 

Union Government approves 500 crore rupee projects for development of tourism in J&K

 

Highlights of the project involve developing a Convention Centre in Gulmarg and Patnitop, development of Ethnic Villages, Development of Water Sports Centre at Baghliyar Dam – Pool Doda.

Track Asia Cup 2016 concluded; Indian finished second

Hong Kong topped the chart with 18 medals which comprise 11 Gold, four Silvers and three bronze.

 

Nadia Murad Basee Taha appointed UNODC Goodwill Ambassador

 

During her Ambassadorship, Murad will focus on advocacy initiatives and raise awareness around the plight of the countless victims of trafficking in persons, especially refugees, women and girls.

 

Ajinkya Rahane, Rohit Sharma conferred with Arjuna Award

 

Sharma and Rahane could not earlier receive the Arjuna Awards from the President of India, as they were participating in international tournaments.

 

His Bloody Project authored by Graeme Macrae Burnet shortlisted for Man Booker prize

His Bloody Project, a crime thriller, is one of the six books that was shortlisted for the 2016 Man Booker prize.

 

Indian-American Dinesh Bharadia wins 2016 Marconi Society Paul Baran Young Scholar Award

 

Bharadia was chosen for his contribution to send and receive radio (wireless) signals, including mobile telephony and data on the same channel. His research disproved a 150-years long assumption that it is not possible for a radio to receive and transmit on the same frequency band because of the interference that results.

 

International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer 2016 observed across the world

 

The theme for the 2016 International Ozone Day recognizes the collective efforts of the parties to the Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol towards the restoration of the ozone layer over the past three decades and the global commitment to combat climate change.

 

Barack Obama designates first US Marine National Monument in Atlantic Ocean

 

The new marine preserve will be known as the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument. It will protect 12725 square km of ecosystems encompassing three underwater canyons deeper than the Grand Canyon, and four underwater mountains.

 

Indo-US combined military exercise Yudh Abhyas 2016 begins

 

During the exercise, the experts from both sides will also hold discussions to share each others’ experiences in varied topics for mutual interest.

 

BHVS Narayana Murthy appointed Director of Research Centre Imarat

 

Research Centre Imarat is responsible for Research and Development of Missile Systems, Guided Weapons and advanced Avionics for Indian Armed Forces.

 

India declares itself free from bird flu

 

Department of Animal Husbandry had notified the same to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). However, it also stressed that there is a need for continued surveillance.

 

East Bengal wins Calcutta Football League 2016

 

Calcutta Football League is the football league system where several football clubs of Kolkata participate. It currently consists of seven-tier pyramid system.

 

Indian cyclists bag 6 medals on opening day of 2016 Track Asia Cup

 

The medal winners include Deborah Herold, Kezia Vargheese, Alena Reji, Rajkumari Devi, Nayana Rajesh and Anu Chutia.

 

Indian-American Abraham Verghese selected for 2015 National Humanities Medal

Mel Brooks, Morgan Freeman, Audra McDonald, Berry Gordy and Philip Glass are on the list for the National Medal of Arts, while Terry Gross and Wynton Marsalis are among the Humanities recipients.

 

2016 Kabaddi World Cup’s logo unveiled

 

The logo is derived from the natural heritage of Gujarat, the Asiatic Lion, symbolising the ferocity of a Kabaddi defender and the agility of a raider.

 

Subramanian Swamy honoured with Tamil Ratna in US

 

The Rajya Sabha MP was presented with the award in New York for his fight against corruption and work for bringing more transparency in the functioning of the government.

 

Reliance Communications and Aircel to be merged to create 4th largest telco

 

The merged company will be one of India’s largest private sector companies. It will have an asset base of over 65000 crore rupees and net worth of 35000 crore rupees.

 

India Blue wins 2016-2017 Duleep Trophy

 

In the final, India Blue defeated India Red, captained by Yuvraj Singh, by a massive 355 runs. Ravinder Jadeja, who bagged 5 wickets in the second innings, finished the game with a 10-wicket haul

 

Fortune released list of most powerful women based outside the US

India’s top women bankers, SBI chief Arundhati Bhattacharya, ICICI head Chanda Kochhar and Axis Bank CEO

Shikha Sharma, are among the 50 most powerful women based outside the US.

 

Sushmita Rai wins Bronze at World Martial Arts Masterships

 

The competition is considered an Olympics for martial arts with 2073 participants from 87 countries. It was the first comprehensive martial arts competition where national teams from across the globe took part.

 

Indian Railways Men Hockey Team wins MCC Murugappa Gold Cup Hockey Tournament

 

The Madras Cricket Club is one of the premier sports institutions in the country. It organizes major national level tournaments in the disciplines of Tennis, Squash, Cricket, Badminton, Billiards and Hockey.

 

Arvind Panagariya led task force on poverty files report, proposes new panel on BPL

 

It asked for constitution of a new committee, which in participation with the states and other stakeholders should work on defining the BPL population and identify them.

 

Indian American scientist Ramesh Raskar wins US$500000 2016 Lemelson-MIT Prize

 

Raskar is the co-inventor of radical imaging solutions including femtophotography, an ultra-fast imaging system that can see around corners, low-cost eye-care solutions for the developing world and a camera that allows users to read pages of a book without opening the cover.

 

Javelin thrower Devendra Jhajharia wins gold at Rio Paralympics

 

Jhajharia’s previous best was 62.15 metres, which he had achieved in the 2004 Games. In the 2016 Rio Paralympics, he improved the mark with an attempt of 63.97 metres.

 

Samsung Electronics Vice Chairman Lee Jae-yong to be appointed as Director of the Board

 

The decision to appoint Lee Jae-yong to the board was made keeping in mind the urgent need for strategic decision-making on aggressive investments and new growth engines from a long-term perspective.

 

Union Cabinet approves establishment of Higher Education Financing Agency

 

The HEFA will be jointly promoted by the identified Promoter and the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) with an authorised capital of 2000 crore rupees. The Government equity will be 1000 crore rupees.

Tenth of world’s wild areas vanished since 1990s: Research

 

The comparison showed that a total of 30.1 million km2 (around 20 percent of the world’s land area) now remains as wilderness. The majority of the areas are located in North America, North Asia, North Africa, and the Australian continent.

 

First BRICS Wellness Workshop concludes in Bengaluru

 

Along with the workshop, National Fair on comprehensive Indian Medicine system (AROGYA) was also inaugurated in the city. The four day event is organized by Union Ministry of AYUSH, in collaboration with Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS). The fair will conclude on 13 September 2016.

 

Deepa Malik becomes first Indian woman to win medal at Paralympics

 

Fatema Nedham of Bahrain won the gold medal with the best throw of 4.76m. Greece’s Dimitra Korokida bagged the bronze medal with a throw of 4.28m.

 

Stan Wawrinka defeats Novak Djokovic to win 2016 US Open Men’s Singles title

In the US Open men’s singles final, Swiss Wawrinka defeated Serbian Djokovic 6-7, 6-4, 7-5, 6-3 to clinch the title.

This is Wawrinka’s maiden US Open title and his third major title.

 

Philippine revenge drama ‘Ang Babaeng Humayo’ wins Golden Lion Award at Venice Film Festival

 

A revenge drama Ang Babaeng Humayo (The Woman Who Left) on 10 September 2016 won the Golden Lion for Best Film Award at the 73 Venice Film Festival.

 

World’s first driverless bus service launched in French city of Lyon

 

Two electric minibuses with a capacity of 15 passengers each are now operating a 10-minute route with five stops in the city centre at an average speed of 10 Kilometres per hour.

 

Jamie Murray and Bruno Soares win 2016 US Open Men’s Doubles title

Britain’s Jamie Murray and Brazil’s Bruno Soares on 10 September 2016 won the 2016 US Open Men’s Doubles title.

 

Murray and Soares defeated Spain’s Pablo Carreno Busta and Guillermo Garcia-Lopez 6-2 6-3. With this, Murray became the first British man for 44 years to win the US Open doubles title. Soares also became the first Brazilian to win more than one Grand Slam doubles title.

 

Angelique Kerber wins 2016 US Open Women’s Singles title

 

Germany’s Angelique Kerber on 10 September 2016 defeated Karolina Pliskova by 6–3, 4–6, 6–4 to win 2016 US Open Women’s Singles title. It was Kerber’s second Grand Slam singles title. With this, she became the first German to win the US Open since Steffi Graf in 1996. On the other hand, Pliskova became the first Czech woman to make the US Open final since 1993. Also, she is the only fourth player to defeat both of the Williams sisters in the same Grand Slam tournament.

 

About 2016 US Open

  • The 2016 US Open was a tennis tournament played on outdoor hard courts.
  • The 2016 US Open was the 136th edition of the US Open, the fourth and final Grand Slam event of the year.
  • It took place at the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center.
  • Stan Wawrinka won the men’s singles event.

 

# Jamie Murray and Bruno Soares won the men’s doubles title.

 

Army Green beat Neroca FC 6-5 to lift Durand Cup

 

In the final of Asia’s oldest football tournament in New Delhi, Army Green defeated Neroca FC 6-5 via penalty shoot outs.

 

CBDT launches e-nivaran to resolve Income Tax grievances

 

Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) on 8 September 2016 launched e-nivaran (electronic resolution) facility for online redressal of taxpayers’ grievances. The grievances can be related to refunds, Income Tax Returns (ITRs), Tax

Deducted at Source (TDS), and Permanent Account Number (PAN) among others. It was started with an aim to reduce instances of harassment of the public when it comes to complaints related to the Income Tax (IT) department. It will be available on the e-filing portal (http://incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in) of the department.

 

Features

 

  • It will help taxpayers in registering their complaints through their computer and receive a special PIN number on their registered mobile number and email, which will help to keep track on the issues.

 

  • It will also allow the complainant to track the progress of the complaint.

 

  • People can lodge their complains and upload the documents related to the same in form od a PDF file and clubbed as a ZIP file.

 

  • People who don’t have a PAN can also access the e-nivaran facility and lodge their complaints in connection with their I-T case.

 

  • The ‘e-nivaran’ form will be available in a physical form at the Aaykar Sampark Kendras (ASK) (tax facilitation centre), located in over 300 cities. Later, the form will be fed into the system by tax officials.

 

Civil Aviation Ministry prohibits use of Samsung’s Galaxy Note 7 phone on board aircraft

The decision came in the wake of several incidents of battery of the phone getting exploded.

 

Haryana bagged Best Horticulture State award

 

Haryana Agriculture Minister OP Dhankar received this award during the two-day 9th Agricultural Leadership Summit 2016 organized by ICFA.

 

Swachh Survekshan for rural areas released, Mandi and Sindhudurg topped the charts

Mandi was judged as the cleanest district in “Hills” category and Sindhudurg as the cleanest in the “Plains” category.

 

Mariyappan Thangavelu wins India’s first Gold medal at Rio Paralympic Games

 

With this, Thangavelu who won the gold with a leap of 1.89 meters also became the first Indian high-jumper to win gold at the Paralympics.

 

NASA launches OSIRIS-REx to collect samples from asteroid

 

OSIRIS-REx is United States’ first mission to collect samples from an asteroid and return to Earth. It hopes that the collected samples would help them in learning more about the origins of life.

 

Novel on Apatani tribe of Arunachal, Into the Hidden Valley, wins MM Bennetts Award

 

The book narrates the story of the Apatani tribe of Arunachal Pradesh during British India and also looks into a little-known episode in the colonial history of British India.

 

Anjum Chopra becomes first Indian woman to be honoured with MCC life membership

 

Chopra is presented with the honour along with former men’s team stalwarts Zaheer Khan and Virender Sehwag. With this, she became the first Indian woman cricketer to get the prestigious life membership of MCC.

 

ASEAN Summit 2016 concludes in Vientiane, Laos


The Summit was attended by the leaders of the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations. They are Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Brunei Darussalam, Vietnam, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Cambodia.

 

Gujarat CM dedicated 2 mbps connectivity to 6000 villages

 

Through E-gram rural people get variety of services like PDS, health, data entry, power and gas bills, common service center services and others.

 

Sushil Kumar nominated for Padma Bhushan

WFI also recommended female wrestler Alka Tomar and Dronacharya awardee Yashvir Singh, Sushil’s coach, for the honour.

 

Assam’s Majuli becomes first island district of India

 

Recently on 1 September 2016, Majuli replaced Brazil’s Marajo to become the world’s largest river island in the Guinness Book of World Records.

 

Union Government launches Integration of DigiLocker with Driving Licenses and Vehicle Registration Certificates Nitin Gadkari, Minister of Road Transport and Highways and Shipping, and Ravi Shankar Prasad, Minister of Electronics and Information Technology and Law and Justice, on 7 September 2016 jointly launched Integration of DigiLocker with Driving Licenses (DL) & Vehicle Registration Certificates (RC) in New Delhi. The new service will end the need of people carrying around physical copies of their RCs and DLs. They can instead access digital copies of the same on their mobile phones via the DigiLocker mobile app.

 

Key highlights of DigiLocker with DLs and RCs

 

  • Driving Licenses and Vehicle Registration documents can now be issued directly to the DigiLockers of individuals in digital formats.

 

  • These digital copies can be shared with other departments as identity and address proof.

 

  • They will also be used for on the spot verification through the citizen’s mobile, by various law enforcement authorities like the Traffic Police.

 

  • Besides being convenient for people, this will also result in assured authenticity of such documents and reduction of administrative overhead.

 

Background

  • DigiLocker was launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi in July 2015.
  • It aims at transforming India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy.
  • It is a platform for issuance and verification of documents and certificates digitally.

 

  • DigiLocker currently has 2126332 registered users with 2411702 uploaded documents and has issued over 42673232 documents as on 1 September 2016.

 

ISRO launches advanced weather satellite INSAT-3DR

 

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) successfully launched advanced weather satellite, INSAT-3DR on 8 September 2016. The advanced weather satellite was launched with the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV-F05), from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota. GSLV-F05, the tenth flight of India’s GSLV, carried 2211 kg INSAT-3DR into a Geostationary Transfer Orbit (GTO). GSLV is designed to inject 2 – 2.5 ton class of satellites into GTO. After reaching GTO, INSAT-3DR will use its own propulsion system to reach its final geosynchronous orbital home and will be stationed at 74 deg East longitude.

 

INSAT-3DR

 

  • INSAT-3DR is an advanced meteorological satellite of India configured with an imaging System and an Atmospheric Sounder.

 

  • INSAT-3DR is an improved variant of INSAT-3D, the improvements incorporated includes
  1. Imaging in Middle Infrared band to provide night time pictures of low clouds and fog
  2. Imaging in two Thermal Infrared bands for estimation of Sea Surface Temperature (SST) with better accuracy
  3. Higher Spatial Resolution in the Visible and Thermal Infrared bands

 

  • Like its predecessor INSAT-3D, INSAT-3DR carries a Data Relay Transponder as well as a Search and Rescue Transponder. Thus, INSAT-3DR will provide service continuity to earlier meteorological missions of ISRO and further augment the capability to provide various meteorological as well as search and rescue services.

 

  • INSAT-3DR is based on ISRO’s two Tonne Class platform (I-2K bus) employing light-weight structural elements like Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastic (CFRP).

 

  • The satellite has a solar array generating 1700 Watts of power.
  • INSAT-3DR will provide a variety of meteorological services to the country.
  • It will have an advanced imager, a sounder and transponders for data relay and search and rescue missions.
  • It will have an operational life of about ten years.

GSLV-F05

 

# It is the flight in which the indigenously developed Cryogenic Upper Stage (CUS) was carried on-board for the fourth time during a GSLV flight. Its flight was significant as it was the first operational flight of GSLV carrying CUS. GSLV-F05 vehicle is configured with all its three stages including the CUS similar to the ones successfully flown during the previous GSLV-D5 and D6 missions that in January 2014 and August 2015 successfully placed GSAT-14 and GSAT-6 satellites.

 

Existing Meteorological satellites of India

 

KALPANA-1, INSAT-3A and INSAT-3D are three operational meteorological satellites of India. These satellites are operational in the geostationary orbit for the past one decade at 74, 93.5 and 82 degree East longitudes respectively. KALPANA-1 and INSAT-3A have imaging systems that helps in providing images in the Visible, Near-Infrared, Shortwave Infrared, Water Vapour and Thermal Infrared bands. Launched in 2013, Atmospheric Sounding System of the INSAT-3D provides vertical profiles of temperature (40 levels from surface to – 70 km), humidity (21 levels from surface to – 15 km) and integrated ozone from surface to top of the atmosphere. INSAT-3DR, the latest meteorological satellite built by ISRO, is similar to INSAT-3D.

 

India, Greece sign Air Services Agreement under Open Sky Policy

 

As per the policy, the government will enter into an Open Sky Air Services Agreement on a reciprocal basis with SAARC nations as well as countries with territory located entirely beyond a 5000 kilometre radius from New Delhi.

 

CK Asnani assumes charge as CMD of Uranium Corporation of India Limited

 

Asnani is a Chemical Engineer from Osmania University. He was the Director (Technical) of Indian Rare Earths Limited, Mumbai before the present assignment.

 

Indian scientists solve preterm birth mystery

 

For the first time, the researchers found that gram-positive Group B Streptococcus (GBS) bacteria produce small balloons called membrane vesicles. These vesicles contain toxins that destroy foetal and maternal cells. They also kill the collagen that keeps the cells together.

 

UN Charter translated into Sanskrit Language

 

The United Nations Charter was signed on 26 June 1945 in San Francisco, at the conclusion of the United Nations Conference on International Organisation.

 

Union Government approves 450 crore rupees for Swadesh Darshan Scheme

 

The Union Government on 7 September 2016 approved projects worth about 450 crore rupees under Swadesh Darshan scheme for five states. The five states are: Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim and Tamil Nadu.

 

The scheme was launched with an objective to develop 13 theme-based tourist circuits in India. The approval for the five states was given in a meeting of the Central Sanctioning and Monitoring Committee (CSMC) on 5 September 2016.

 

Various circuits under Swadesh Darshan Scheme

 

# In total, 13 thematic circuits have been identified for development, namely North-East India Circuit, Buddhist Circuit, Himalayan Circuit, Coastal Circuit, Krishna Circuit, Desert Circuit, Tribal Circuit, Eco Circuit, Wildlife Circuit, Rural Circuit, Spiritual Circuit,Ramayana Circuit and Heritage Circuit.

 

  • The Ramayana Circuit in Uttar Pradesh: Amount of 70 crore rupees is approved for the project. It envisages development of two destinations, Chitrakoot and Shringverpur. It also includes Ayodhya, for which Uttar Pradesh Tourism Department is preparing a detailed project report.

 

  • The Heritage Circuit in Madhya Pradesh: Amount of 100 crore rupees is approved for the project. It will cover Gwalior-Orchha-Khajuraho-Chanderi-Bhimbetka-Mandu.

 

  • The Heritage Circuit in Uttarakhand: Amount of 83 crore rupees is approved for the project. The amount will be used for development of infrastructure in Jageshwar-Devidhura-Katarmal- Baijnath sites.

 

  • The Coastal Circuit in Tamil Nadu: Amount of around 100 crore rupees is approved for the project. It envisages development of Chennai-Mamamallapuram- Rameshwaram-Manpadu-Kanyakumari.

 

  • The North East Circuit in Sikkim: Amount of 95.50 crore rupees is approved for the project. It includes development of eco log huts, cultural centre, paragliding centre, craft bazaar, base camp for mountaineering and meditation hall.

Union Government launches NIDHI for nurturing ideas and innovation into start ups

 

Union Government on 6 September 2016 launched a new program called National Initiative for Developing and Harnessing Innovations (NIDHI). The initiative aims at nurturing ideas and innovation into successful start ups. NIDHI, an umbrella programme of the Department of Science & Technology (DST), will focus on helping startups to meet their funding, infrastructure and other mentorship needs. NIDHI will allow youths of the country to give a concrete shape to their ideas.

 

National Initiative for Developing and Harnessing Innovations

 

  • The programme focuses on building a seamless and innovation driven entrepreneurial ecosystem especially by channelizing youth towards it and thereby bringing in the positive impact on the socio-economic development of the country.

 

  • It aims at providing technological solutions not only to the pressing needs of the society but also targets to create new avenues for wealth and job creation.

 

  • By design it connects and strengthens all the links of the innovation chain from scouting to sustaining to securing to scaling to showcasing, because a chain is only as strong as its weakest link.

 

  • There are eight component of NIDHI that support each stage of a budding startup from idea to market. The first component is PRAYAS (Promoting and accelerating young and aspiring innovators and startups) which aims to support innovators to grant up to 10 lakh rupees.

 

  • The final component is the Seed Support System which provides up to One Crore rupees per start-up and is implemented through Technology Business Incubators.

 

During the financial year 2016-17, Department of Science has allocated 180 crore rupees, with a view to drive the innovation and startup centric new initiative.

 

Key stakeholders

 

The key stakeholders of NIDHI includes various departments and ministries of the Union government, state governments, academic and R & D institutions, mentors, financial institutions, angel investors, venture capitalists, industry champions and private sectors.

 

India, Kazakhstan Joint Exercise PRABAL DOSTYK-16 begins

 

‘Prabal Dostyk’ meaning ‘Robust Friendship’ is a significant step towards fostering military as well as diplomatic ties between both countries.

 

2016 Paralympic Games began at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

 

Devendra Jhajharia, who became India’s first Paralympic gold medallist in Athens 2004, was the flag-bearer for the Indian contingent.

 

World’s oldest cricketer Lindsay Tuckett passes away

 

With the death of Tuckett, the distinction of the oldest surviving cricketer in the world now passes to all-rounder Johnny Watkins, who is 93.

 

GRSE hands over fast attack craft TIHAYU to Indian Navy


The Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Limited (GRSE) of Kolkata on 30 August 2016 handed over TIHAYU, the Water Jet Fast Attack Craft (WJFAC) to the Indian Navy. The warship was handed over by Rear Admiral (Retd) AK Verma, CMD of GRSE to the Commanding Officer Cdr Ajay Kashov. GRSE had earlier built and delivered 10 WJFACs to the Indian Navy during 2009 to 2011, which are proving well in service.

 

About TIHAYU, the Water Jet Fast Attack Craft (WJFAC)

 

  • Named after an island in the Andaman, Tihayu is fitted with three water jet propulsion systems powered by marine diesel engines generating 2720 KW of power.

 

  • This Follow-on WJFAC ship is a further improved version of Fast Attack Crafts earlier built by GRSE for Indian Navy.

 

  • The ship has an efficient hull form developed by the in-house Design Centre of GRSE and proved by extensive model testing to achieve speeds in excess of 35 knots.

 

  • This warship measuring 48 X 7.5 M with a displacement of around 315 Tons, has an endurance of around 2000 nautical miles at 12-14 knots speed.

 

  • It also boasts of modern habitability conditions with accommodation for 29 personnel.
  • It is also fitted with CRN-91 indigenous 30mm Gun, to provide Artillery fire support during attack missions.

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited successfully tests Light Utility Helicopter

 

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) on 6 September 2016 successfully completed test flight of indigenous Light Utility Helicopter (LUH) Bengaluru. During the test, the helicopter remained in the air for 15 minutes inside the HAL complex. The LUH will replace the military’s obsolescent fleet of Chetak and Cheetah helicopters that have flown for over three decades.

 

Key highlights of Light Utility Helicopter

 

  • The HAL LUH is a 3-tonne helicopter exclusively built for the Indian Army and the Indian Air Force to replace the aging fleet of Cheetah and Chetak helicopters.

 

  • It is a light, single-engine helicopter that is powered by the Safran HE Ardiden-1U engine.
  • In addition to two pilots, the helicopter can fly six passengers at sea level, with load capacity reducing with altitude.
  • The LUH’s engine delivers 750 kilowatts of power, permits flight operations at as high as 6500 metres.

 

  • Limited series production will be done in Bengaluru, and the 610-acre Tumakuru unit is slated to commence production in 2018-19.

 

  • The Tumakuru plant will ship about 30 LUHs annually, starting in 2019-20.
  • In phase II, the production will be ramped up to 60 helicopters per year.
  • HAL intends to speed up flight-testing of the LUH by distributing it over three prototypes.
  • HAL hopes to obtain initial operational certification by end-2017.

 

Union Government launches dedicated pan-India helpline for power outages

 

With this, consumers can now get an update from power distribution companies about outages in their area by dialling 14401.

 

Dharmendra Pradhan launches Gas4India campaign to promote use of natural gas

 

Dharmendra Pradhan also launched the website, Twitter handle, Facebook page and theme song of the campaign. Public and private sector companies working in the sector have joined hands to promote the natural gas sector.

 

UK and Iran appoint ambassadors for first time since 2011

Iran downgraded its relations with the UK in November 2011 after stronger international sanctions were imposed on it.

 

Thithi wins Best Film Award at first BRICS Film Festival

 

Filmmaker Jianqi Huo from China won the Best Director Award for Xuan Zang. Russia’s Yulia Peresild received the Best Actress Award for The Battle for Sevastopol.

 

K G George wins 2015 J C Daniel Award

 

K.G. George is an Indian film director and screenwriter. He is considered to be among one of the directors who revolutionized Malayalam cinema in the 1970s.

 

Newly discovered fish of genus Tosanoides named after Barack Obama

 

The fish is found only within the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument, a World Heritage site encompassing 1510000 square kilometres of ocean waters.

 

Indian conservationist Bibhuti Lahkar wins Heritage Heroes Award of IUCN

 

The Heritage Heroes Award is aimed at recognising outstanding efforts around the globe in making a difference in the conservation of World Heritage sites in challenging situations.

Microsoft, Google and Salesforce adopt EU-US Privacy Shield framework

 

The European Commission adopted the EU-US Privacy Shield framework in July 2016 to facilitate the transfer of personal data from the EU to the United States (US).

 

World Health Organisation certifies Sri Lanka malaria-free

 

Sri Lanka’s anti-malaria campaign adjusted its strategy to intensively target the parasite after the malaria cases jumped in the 1970s and the 1980s and the 1990s. Sri Lanka is the second country in the WHO South-East Asia Region to eliminate malaria after Maldives.

 

Jan Shikshan Sansthan conferred with 2016 UNESCO Confucius Prize for Literacy

 

The JSS bagged the prestigious international award for its initiatives in applying new technology in literacy. Innovations such as Braille applications and the Talking Pen used by the JSS impressed UNESCO.

 

2016 G20 Summit concludes in Hangzhou, China

 

On 3 September 2016, Barack Obama and Xi Jinping announced the ratification of the Paris Agreement of the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference by their countries. The United States and China represent respectively 18 percent and 20 percent of global carbon dioxide emissions.

 

Religare Enterprises appoints Sunil Godhwani as CEO

 

Religare Enterprises Limited (REL) is the holding company for one of India’s leading diversified financial services groups. It is headquartered in New Delhi, India.

 

Jackie Chan to be given honorary Oscar

 

The Board of Governors of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Science voted to present the award to Chan, British editor Anne V Coates, casting director Lynn Stalmaster and documentary maker Frederick Wiseman.

 

Sikki, Pranaav clinched Brazil Open Grand Prix title

 

The top seeded Indian pair, who are ranked World No. 65, defeated Canadian combo of Toby Ng and Rachel Honderich 21-15, 21-16 in straight games at Costa Cavalcante.

 

Urjit Patel assumes charge as 24th Governor of Reserve Bank of India

 

Urjit Patel headed a panel that recommended landmark changes to monetary policy in India. The changes included a switch to inflation-targeting and the creation of a panel to set interest rates

 

IUCN lists Eastern Gorilla as Critically Endangered

 

Four of the six great apes, Eastern Gorilla, Western Gorilla, Bornean Orangutan and Sumatran Orangutan, are now listed as Critically Endangered. The Chimpanzee and Bonobo are listed as Endangered.

 

K K Aggarwal elected as National President of IMA

 

Moreover, the association also elected Dr Ravi Wankhedkar from Maharashtra as the National President for the year 2017-18 and Dr R N Tandon as Honorary Secretary General.

 

Abhinav Bindra announces retirement from Shooting


He announced his retirement after playing for almost two decades. In Rio Olympics 2016, Bindra nearly missed a second Olympic medal by a whisker and came fourth.

 

Odisha Government launches Biju Kanya Ratna Yojana

 

The scheme will be implemented for three years in Ganjam, Dhenkanal and Angul districts on a pilot basis. The objective of the Biju Kanya Ratna Yojana is to improve Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) and Child Sex Ratio (CSR) in the three districts.

 

Gumthala Garhu becomes first Wifi hotspot village in Haryana

The service was inaugurated by state Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar from Chandigarh. Gumthala Garhu is located on Ambala-Kaithal-Hisar road and has a population of 11000.

 

Nico Rosberg wins 2016 Italian Grand Prix

 

It is Rosberg’s seventh victory of the 2016 Formula One season. In this season, he has won the 2016 Australian Grand Prix, the 2016 Bahrain Grand Prix, the 2016 Chinese Grand Prix, the 2016 Russian Grand Prix, the 2016 European Grand Prix and the 2016 Belgian Grand Prix.

 

India-Vietnam inked 12 agreements to bolster bilateral relation

PM Modi was on an official visit to Vietnam at the invitation of Nguyen Xuan Phuc, Prime Minister of Vietnam.

 

Mother Teresa canonised as Saint by Pope Francis at Vatican

 

Mother Teresa on 4 September 2016 was proclaimed a Saint by Pope Francis in a ceremony at the Vatican. Thousands of pilgrims attended the canonisation of Mother Teresa in St Peter’s Square. During the ceremony, Pope

 

Francis announced “We declare and define Blessed Teresa of Calcutta to be a saint and we enrol her among the saints, decreeing that she is to be venerated as such by the whole Church.” With this, Mother Teresa became the fourth Indian to be made saint. Those who received the honour before her include Father Kuriakose Elias Chavara, Sister

 

Euphrasia and Sister Alphonsa. Saint Gonsalo Garcia, though of Portuguese parentage, was born in India, and is considered an India born saint.

 

The process of Cannonisation

  • Originally, individuals were recognized as saints without any formal process.

 

  • Later, different processes, such as those used by the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church were developed.

 

  • There are four steps to canonization that the saints have to go through: Servant of

God   →  Venerable    →    Blessed    →    Saint

Beatification of Mother Teresa

 

  • After Mother Teresa’s death in 1997, the Holy See began the process of beatification, the first step towards possible canonisation. This process required the documentation of a miracle performed from the intercession of Mother Teresa.

 

  • In 2002, the Vatican recognised as a miracle the healing of a tumour in the abdomen of an Indian woman, Monica Besra, after the application of a locket containing Mother Teresa’s picture. Besra said that a beam of light emanated from the picture, curing the cancerous tumour.

 

  • Mother Teresa was beatified on 19 October 2003, becoming known by Catholics as “Blessed.”

 

  • On 17 December 2015, the Vatican confirmed that Pope Francis had recognised a second miracle attributed to her, involving the healing of a Brazilian man with multiple brain tumours.

 

About Saint Teresa of Calcutta

  • Saint Teresa of Calcutta was an Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and missionary.

 

  • After having lived in Macedonia for eighteen years, she moved to Ireland and then to India, where she lived for most of her life.

 

  • In 1950, Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation.
  • In 2012, the Missionaries of Charity consisted of over 4500 sisters and was active in 133 countries.

 

  • The Missionaries of Charity run homes for people dying of HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis, soup kitchens, dispensaries and mobile clinics, children’s and family counselling programmes, orphanages and schools.
  • In 1962, she won the Ramon Magsaysay Peace Prize.

 

# In 1979, she was honoured with the Nobel Peace Prize.

 

Union Government approves use of chilli-based PAVA shells as alternative to pellet guns PAVA shells, a chilli-based ammunition, is less lethal and immobilises the target temporarily.

 

Kiran Mazumdar Shaw appointed Knight of the National Order of the French Legion of Honour

 

Chevalier l’Ordre National de la Légion d’Honneur is the highest civilian award of the French Republic for outstanding contribution in diverse fields.

3.7 Billion Years Old fossils discovered on Earth in Greenland rocks

 

Led by the Australian University of Wollongong’s (UOW) Professor Allen Nutman, the team’s discovery pushes back the previous record by 220 million years and captures the earliest history of the planet.

 

First BRICS Film Festival begins in New Delhi

 

The five-day festival aims at providing a platform for people of the film industry of member countries to explore areas of cooperation in the domain of cinema, culture and cuisine.

 

LG Electronics Inc ties up with Amazon.com on smart-home services

 

It would add Amazon.com’s Dash feature on its SmartThinQ Sensors, which enabled smart features on appliances to allow users to quickly order household items such as laundry detergent or drinks.

 

Guinness World Records declare Majuli as the largest river island

 

As per the Guinness World Records, the island lost around one-third of its area in the last 30-40 years due to frequent flooding of the river

 

Reliance Industries launches Reliance Jio offering Free Voice Calls, cheap Data Plans

 

The Jio Welcome Offer will be effective from 5 September 2016 up to 31 December 2016. As part of the Jio Welcome Offer, users will have access to unlimited LTE data and national voice, video and messaging services.

 

SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket destroyed in explosion

 

It was the second time in just over a year that SpaceX has lost a Falcon 9 rocket, which is slated to launch NASA astronauts for the first time in 2017.

 

Railway launches insurance scheme for passengers travelling on e-ticket

 

The facility available only for confirmed and RAC ticket passengers will not be applicable for children up to 5 years of age and foreign citizens.

 

TVSN Prasad Committee submitted its report on use of Pellet Guns

 

TVSN Prasad committee was formed by the Joint Secretary, Ministry of Home Affairs in July 2016 to suggest alternatives to pellet guns, which was used in Kashmir to disperse crowd.

 

Bezwada Wilson, Thodur Madabusi Krishna receive Ramon Magsaysay Award 2016

 

Four others who received the award are: Conchita Carpio-Morales of the Philippines, Dompet Dhuafa of Indonesia, Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers and Vientiane Rescue of Laos.

 

Sony Pictures to acquire sports channels of Zee for 385 million US dollar

 

TEN Sports holds cricket rights in South Africa, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, West Indies and Zimbabwe. It also holds the rights for world wrestling, some football leagues, WTA and ATP tennis events, golf tours, Asian and Commonwealth Games athletics, motor Sports and cycling events, including Tour de France

 

Kudankulam Plant Unit-2 synchronised with Southern Power Grid


The Russian-designed VVER-1000 reactor of Kudankulam is now generating 245 MWe power to the southern grid from the second unit. Output from Kudankulam 2 is being divided between four states: Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala and Puducherry

 

Michel Temer sworn in as President of Brazil

 

His appointment came following the removal of Dilma Rousseff from the office through the Senators’ voting. Senators voted 61-20 to convict Rousseff for illegally using money from state banks to boost public spending.

 

Brazil President Dilma Rousseff removed from office by Brazilian Senate

61 senators voted in favour of her dismissal and 20 against, meeting the two-thirds majority needed to remove Rousseff from the presidency for illegally using money from state banks to boost public spending.

 

Ashok Chawla appointed Chancellor of TERI University

 

With the appointment of Chawla, the University ended its last association with former Chancellor and Head R.K. Pachauri, who was accused of sexually harassing a female colleague in 2015.

 

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